The priority of the primary publication is respected In the event of a public health emergency (as deﬁned by a publication interval negotiated by both editors with by public health ofﬁcials) discount 50 mg minocycline otc antibiotic dosage, information with immediate im- the authors. The paper for secondary publication is intended for concern that this will preclude subsequent consideration a different group of readers; an abbreviated version could for publication in a journal. The secondary version faithfully reﬂects the data manufacturers the scientiﬁc information described in a pa- and interpretations of the primary version. The secondary version informs readers, peers, and yet published violates the policies of many journals. Such documenting agencies that the paper has been published in reporting may be warranted when the paper or letter de- whole or in part elsewhere—for example, with a note that scribes major therapeutic advances; reportable diseases; or might read, “This article is based on a study ﬁrst reported public health hazards, such as serious adverse effects of in the [journal title, with full reference]”—and the second- drugs, vaccines, other biological products, medical de- ary version cites the primary reference. The title of the secondary publication should indi- not jeopardize publication, but should be discussed cate that it is a secondary publication (complete or with and agreed upon by the editor in advance when abridged republication or translation) of a primary publi- possible. Journal net- tration that indicates that the results have not yet been working in nursing: a challenge to be shared. Arti- results registry with the full journal citation when the re- cle in English, Portuguese, and Spanish. Editors of different journals may together decide to simultaneously or jointly publish an article if they believe that doing so would be in the best interest of public health. If the editor was not aware of data interpretation and conclusions are similar, it may be www. Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals reasonable although not mandatory for editors to give pref- In the interests of fairness and to keep correspondence erence to the manuscript submitted ﬁrst. Editors might within manageable proportions, journals may want to set consider publishing more than one manuscript that overlap time limits for responding to published material and for in this way because different analytical approaches may be debate on a given topic. Fees upon the same dataset should add substantially to each Journals should be transparent about their types of other to warrant consideration for publication as separate revenue streams. Any fees or charges that are required for papers, with appropriate citation of previous publications manuscript processing and/or publishing materials in the from the same dataset to allow for transparency.
Ministries of health cheap minocycline 50 mg overnight delivery antibiotics for sinus infection z pack, fnance, re- ritise future actions needed at the European level. The work- cieties, foundations, patient organisations, healthcare shops (http://ec. Recently members king Groups develop positions on key topics and of these societies have published an opinion paper make proposals and recommendations to the Forum. Patient recruit- In Canada, the Canadian Institutes for Health Research ment – consents and ethics; 4. Increasing the impact of research jects in various diseases areas were funded through and development investment. Develop- comprehensive cataloguing of high quality biobank speci- ment of prospective surveillance and monitoring systems mens and biomarkers, and their use in all large-scale studies for personal health data will also contribute to the accu- on patient and population cohorts (‘top-down approach’) mulation of data on individuals across their life course. Thus it is not only omics or imaging technologies misinformation on diseases, their symptoms and potential that will generate vast amounts of data. Aspects include: (1) how health records data from diferent types of registries and to store and provide access to huge amounts of human emerging fows of unstructured data coming from, for ex- health-related sensitive data under a secure and common ample, connected objects or social media. Even though of huge datasets taking into account the fact that storage the launch of translational projects as a main driver for pro- may be either centralised or decentralised; (3) how to in- ducts and services development is key, market successes terrogate such data; and (4) how to link such data to ex- 18 perimental data. Furthermore it needs to be determined • Create a framework for data usage and connect it to who fnances such activities and who will reap the bene- a digital environment to facilitate and improve medi- fts. New solutions, such as cloud computing and secure cal data sharing while ensuring transparency and data user authentication, have been developed to cope with protection. Yet most of these still have to • Support an appropriate infrastructure to collect and demonstrate their applicability, especially in the health store the huge amount of information generated. Some public–priva- • Involve big data organisations in research, motivate te partnership projects of the Innovative Medicines Initiati- and stimulate them to invest in research. For these databases the citizen’s and patient’s lifecycle should be considered not only when an episode of severe Targeted achievements until 2020 and beyond – Re- or acute disease occurs. This recommendation also inclu- commendation des a laboratory quality control nationwide and if possible Europe-wide.
Over the course of the 20th century generic minocycline 50 mg without prescription antibiotics before dental work, professional psychologists and educators played an important role in integrating the arts with health more fully. And, from the mid-to late 20th century, greater institutional supports for the arts and health intersection began to develop, while today emphasis is being placed on the production of evidence-based research that demonstrates the multiple values of the intersection. Arts Integration in Healthcare Environments Healthcare facilities can range from small neighborhood clinics to huge hospital campuses. Whatever the type of facility, design considerations are typically focused on creating environments that welcome patients and their families, ease navigation to destinations and facilitate positive general wellness and therapeutic outcomes. Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing, was one of the earliest practitioners of medicine that tied a patient’s environment to his or her health results. In her Notes on Nursing, she pointed out that environmental factors including ventilation, temperature, light, sanitation and noise affect a patient’s recovery and well-being. Discussions about healthcare environments have continued to include the roles of such factors, with growing emphasis placed on the specifc parts that arts and culture can play from two key perspectives: the infusion of works of art and performances into healthcare spaces; and the specifc role the design feld plays in healthcare environments from structural, aesthetic and practical viewpoints. Over time, arts and culture have come to be valued for more than their decorative uses and are increasingly being integrated with healthcare environments for therapeutic ends. With key partnerships developing between Cleveland’s wealth of arts and culture organizations and its healthcare institutions, more visual artworks and performances are appearing in healthcare settings such as the Cleveland Clinic, MetroHealth and University Hospitals. Additionally, design considerations are directly infuencing health and well-being with medical products shaped by organizations including Nottingham Spirk and Smartshape; biomedical art and game applications from students at the Cleveland Institute of Art; specially designed fashion from businesses such as Downs Designs; and architectural elements in facilities like the Hospice of the Western Reserve. Research has shown that arts integration in healthcare environments can yield lower levels of stress and the use of pain medication among patients; reduce medical errors and work-related injuries among staff; and yield cost reductions, lower rates of staff turnover, and enhanced public perceptions of healthcare institutions/facilities. Community Partnership for Arts and Culture 6 Creative Minds in Medicine Executive Summary Participatory Arts and Health The inherent ability of arts and culture to connect, inspire and engage at both individual and community levels has direct implications for the roles it can play when intersecting with the health and human services feld.
They are therefore expected to be broken down the negative impact on the workplace minocycline 50 mg mastercard antibiotics for dogs cuts. Female spe- The Commission funds the development of activities cifc interventions (cervical and breast cancer) are the on drug treatment, prevention, treatment and harm re- only ones documented at present. The second Pub- The European Community is actively developing a lic Health Programme (2008-2013) supports actions comprehensive tobacco control policy, which is char- on drug prevention in the strand “Promoting Health”. The forum aims progress health, however men’s health has not been recognised this issue through debate with stakeholder groups, as a particular area for public health concern so far. Long overlooked, men’s However attempts to make an effective use of gender in health now deserves our full attention. It aims to promote collaboration between inter- ested individuals and organisations on the development and application of health policies, research, educa- tion and prevention programmes. Council Recommenda- pendent expert report commissioned by and published under the tion of 2 December 2003 on cancer screening. Council of the auspices of the United Kingdom Presidency of the European Un- European Communities: Brussels; 2003. Brussels: European pean Parliament, the European Economic and Social Commit- Commission of the European Communities; 2007. Treaty of Amsterdam Amending the Treaty on European Union, Member States in reducing alcohol related harm. University of Hamburg Centre for Interdisciplinary Addiction tain Related Acts, 1997 O. Quality of treatment services in Europe – drug Establishing the European Community, Feb. This may seem like a rather fundamental question to ask at the beginning of a review of policy and progress in male health across eleven countries. Of course the health of every individual man everywhere in the world matters to him and to the people who care about him.